Most definitions found in this glossary are adapted with permission from this text book:
Maheu, M., Whitten, P., & Allen, A. (2001). eHealth, Telehealth & Telemedicine: A Guide to Startup and Success. New York: Jossey-Bass.
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A binary digit, the basic unit of data used by computers for information storage, transmission, and entry. Represented as off or on by the digits 0 or 1 and grouped into strings of eight bits known as bytes, these units take the place of numbers, letters, and symbols in electronic media.
The number of colors or pixels of gray supported by a monitor or scanner. Also known as bit resolution or pixel depth.
Describing telecommunication over a single medium that provides multiple channels of data for high-speed transmission. Also applied to the higher bandwidth that will support real-time, full-motion audioconferencing and videoconferencing.
Program that runs on a client’s computer and communicates with Internet Web servers by connecting to Web sites and sending information to enable interaction.
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)
Is the federal agency that administers the Medicare, Medicaid and Children’s Health Insurance Program.
Charge-coupled device (CDD)
A device that converts light into electronic information via sensors that collect light as a buildup of electrical charge. The signal that results from this conversion can be translated into computer code to form an image. This device is commonly used in television cameras, digital still-image cameras, and image scanners.
An Internet site or virtual community that provides real-time communication via the exchange of text messages (as well as sound and video files) between participants.
Children’s Waiver Services Program
Is a federal program that provides Medicaid-funded home and community-based services to children under age 18 who are eligible for, and at risk of, placement into an Intermediate Care Facility for the Mentally Retarded (ICF/MR).
Click stream data
Information used by Web advertisers showing the number of Web page visits or clicks of the mouse by a consumer visiting a Web site.