Most definitions found in this glossary are adapted with permission from this text book:
Maheu, M., Whitten, P., & Allen, A. (2001). eHealth, Telehealth & Telemedicine: A Guide to Startup and Success. New York: Jossey-Bass.
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A collection of interconnected networks that speak the same computer language. The Internet now links thousands of independent networks in a global communication system.
A private network of interlinked computers used by the members of an organization or group. Many security systems allow sensitive information to be shared among intranet users.
Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO)
An independent nonprofit organization providing accreditation and related services that support performance improvement in health care organizations.
Low earth orbit (LEO)
Describing satellite technology aimed to serve two-way high-speed networking, teleconferencing, telehealth, and other interactive applications.
Master patient index
An index of patients, members of health care plans, physicians, health care practitioners, payers, employers, employees, and other individuals, along with patient demographic information—such as name, address, telephone number, date of birth, and visit dates—stored in a computerized database.
Megabits (millions of bits) per second. A measure of bandwidth on a data transmission medium such as twisted pair copper cable, coaxial cable, or optical fiber. A typical uncompressed video signal requires at least 45 Mbps to facilitate transmission.
Is a program that provides health care coverage for people with lower incomes, older people, people with disabilities, and some families and children.
It provides medical coverage and long-term medical care to low-income
Medicaid Provider Manual
Is a document released by each state’s Medicaid agency, which serves as the reference document for its Medicaid program.
Medically Underserved Area (MUA)
May be a whole county or a group of contiguous counties, a group of county or civil divisions or a group of urban census tracts in which residents have a shortage of personal health services.